What gauge metal studs are structural?

Most contractors are familiar with the light-gauge steel studs and track you can buy at lumberyards and drywall supply houses. These studs are usually 25-gauge steel with 1 1/4-inch flanges and are intended for non- load-bearing applications such as partition walls.

What gauge metal studs are load-bearing?

When the price is estimated by the gauge of steel used (the thickness of the metal), the cost is $2 – $5 per square foot. Most load-bearing walls require 16 or 18-gauge studs and interior walls are built using 20 or 25-gauge metal studs.

What size steel studs should I use?

Standard Sizes of Steel Studs

Standard sizes range from 2 1/2 inches to 14 inches. Flanges (the side sections) range from 1 3/8 inch to 3 inches. Studs come with knockouts in place for electrical cables. Knockouts range from 3/4 inch to 1 1/2 inch diameter.

Are metal stud walls load-bearing?

Strength – heavy gauge metal studs are suitable in a load-bearing or exterior wall, while lighter gauge studs work well in partitioning systems. As a material, metal’s strength doesn’t deteriorate the longer it is used, meaning a building will have efficient, long-term structural integrity.

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What is a structural stud?

A structural stud is meant for use to resist environmental loads (dead, live, wind, snow, or earthquake). They usually have wider flanges and thicker galvanizing. Non-structural studs or ‘interior’ studs are meant for non-load bearing demising walls with gypsum sheathing.

Can metal studs be structural?

Structural metal stud framing refers to the construction of walls and planes using cold-formed steel components. There are two main components of metal stud framing, a stud and a track. Heavier gauge metal studs are used in load bearing walls and structural applications such as exterior walls.

How thick is a 16 gauge metal stud?

20 gauge (1.006 mils) 18 gauge (1.311 mils) 16 gauge (1.613 mils) 14 gauge (1.994 mils)

Can you use metal studs for floor joists?

Steel has the highest strength/weight ratio of any material used for construction, so the same jobs can be completed with much less support using steel joists. … Floors that use steel joists are quieter than wood.

How wide is a 6 inch metal stud?

For Wall Framing

A 600S metal stud measures 6 inches on its web, or long face. Thus a metal stud taking the place of a two-by-four measures 1 5/8 by 4 inches, and a two-by-six, 1 5/8 by 6 inches — slightly fatter but the same depth as their wood equivalents.

Can you use metal studs in residential construction?

While it has typically been associated with skyscrapers and bridges, steel is emerging as the material of choice for residential framing. … Cold formed sheet steel is a light weight, easy to handle, economical and high quality alternative to traditional wood framing materials.

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Are metal studs as strong as wood studs?

For instance, wood studs are stronger than metal studs, and are able to support more weight without being compromised. They are also longer-lasting and easier to cut as well. On the negative side, wood studs are more expensive than steel and can be harder to install, requiring many different tools.

How much weight can metal studs hold?

The axial load, or load weight limit, for metal studs varies widely. An 8-foot, 3-1/2-inch metal stud, for instance, may support over 2,000 pounds, while a 16-foot stud of the same width will support as little as 400 pounds.

Is metal studs better than wood studs?

Metal studs offer several advantages over wood studs. Metal studs provide disaster-resistance and are not prone to termite or mold damage, like wood studs. Metal studs are also healthier than wood studs because metal does not emit VOCs. … Wood studs are less expensive and more available than metal studs.

How thick is a metal stud?

Metal Stud Sizes

The most common size stud is a 3 5/8″ wide stud. Combined with a layer of 5/8″ gypsum wall board on both sides will give a 4 7/8″ thick wall.

How do I know what gauge my metal studs are?

Metal stud manufacturers are required to stamp the stud size and gauge on each product. For instance, ClarkDietrich labels 6-inch, 16-gauge studs with CD600S162-54 50 KSI. This tells you the stud is 6 inches wide with a 1-5/8 inch (1.62 inch) flange and is 16-ga (54 mils) thick.