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End distance (e1), i.e., the distance measured in the line of force from the center of the bolt hole to the nearest edge of an adjacent hole or to the end of the plate [11], has effects on the ultimate strength and failure mode of a bolted connection subjected to tensile loading.

## What is edge and end distance?

3.Edge distance (e) : It is the distance of center of bolt hole from the adjacent edge of plate. 4.End distance (e’) : It is the distance of the nearest bolt hole from the end from the end of the plate.

## What is edge distance in bolted connection?

AISC Specification J3. 5 indicates that the maximum edge distance for bolt holes is 12 times the thickness of the connected part (but not more than 6 in.). The maximum spacing for bolt holes is 24 times the thickness of the thinner part (but not more than 12 in.).

## How do you calculate bolt edge distance?

The minimum edge distance and end distance from the centre of any hole to the nearest edge of plate for sheared or hand flame cut edge is

- 1.5 times the whole diameter.
- 1.8 times the whole diameter.
- 1.9 times the whole diameter.
- 1.7 times the whole diameter.

## What is the minimum distance between bolts?

Minimum pitch (distance between centres of bolt holes) shall not be less than 2.5 times the nominal bolt diameter.

## What is the edge distance?

Edge distance is a term used in sheet metal aircraft construction. It refers to the distance from the center of a rivet to the edge of the material it is holding together. … When two riveted parts are pulled apart, we have two forces at work.

## What is the minimum edge distance?

Minimum edge distance is 2 · d for steel with R_{yn} ≤ 375 MPa and 2.5 · d otherwise in the direction of the shear load. Minimum edge distance is 1.35 · d in the direction perpendicular to the shear load. Minimum edge distances may be smaller under some circumstances specified in SP 16, Table 40.

## Is a bolt stronger in shear or tension?

A joint in tension is weaker than a joint in shear. Doesn’t matter (much) what type of fastener, pop rivets, welding, bolts, it is stronger in shear than in tension.

## What is bolted connection?

Bolted joints are one of the most common elements in construction and machine design. They consist of fasteners that capture and join other parts, and are secured with the mating of screw threads. There are two main types of bolted joint designs: tension joints and shear joints.

## What is the maximum spacing of bolts if the connection is not subjected to corrosion?

The maximum spacing for bolts between painted members or unpainted members not subject to corrosion is 24 times the thickness of the thinner part (but not more than 12 in.).

## What is pitch in bolted connection?

Pitch of the Bolts (p): It is the centre-to-centre spacing of the bolts in a row, measured along the direction of load. 2. Gauge Distance (g): It is the distance between the two consecutive bolts of adjacent rows and is measured at right angles to the direction of load. 3.